California Lutheran University’s History Department offers a challenging curriculum that explores all aspects of history. Lower division courses center on the acquisition of an introductory knowledge of the history of world civilizations and the United States and the core skills a historian needs to succeed in more specialized course work. Upper division courses offer students a variety of specialized classes, seminars and independent studies, which allow more in-depth exploration of specific topics. Faculty-led travel courses allow students to explore histories at the sites of their creation.
In CLU’s history courses, the faculty emphasizes the understanding of the diversity of human experience over time and encourages an appreciation of cross-cultural encounters. All history courses help to develop excellent research, writing, analytical and critical thinking skills. Students are also introduced to useful methods and the debates that surround the writing of history.
History majors have the opportunity to participate in interesting internships as well as engage in projects that bring them to archives, libraries and other sources of primary data in Southern California. Students may also participate in student-faculty research projects that aid them in developing their own goals and research abilities. In keeping with CLU’s emphasis on the use of information technology, the history faculty encourages students to develop facility with computer technology as an aid to research, data analysis, and explaining history to others.
CLU’s history majors are in demand in the public and private sectors because of their training as good writers, effective researchers, and perceptive analysts. The faculty is actively involved in mentoring students in career choices and avenues for professional development. CLU’s program prepares students for graduate work in history and other social sciences, as well as careers in law, education, administration, museum studies, and journalism, among others.
Bachelor of Arts in History
36 credits minimum, 20 credits upper division.
|HIST 101/101D||World Civilization to 1500|
and World Civilization Discussion
|HIST 102/102D||World Civilizations Since 1500|
and World Civilization Discussion
|HIST 121||United States History to 1877||4|
|HIST 122||United States History Since 1877||4|
|Five upper division history courses including the designated capstone class||20|
Museum Studies Emphasis
|ART 111||History of Art||4|
|ART 112||History of Art||4|
|HIST 343||Women in Global History||4|
|BUS 375||Principles of Marketing||4|
|or BUS 367||Behavior in Organizations|
|HIST 492||Internship (Two Seperate Internships - 4 credits total)||4|
|Support Courses Required:|
|GEOL 152/152L||Introduction to Environmental Science|
and Introduction to Environmental Science Lab
|COMM 306||Business and Professional Communication||4|
|or BUS 301||Communication for Managers|
|PSYC 200||General Psychology||4|
Candidates for a California Secondary Teaching Credential should contact the Chair of the History Department for a complete list of course requirements for a Single Subject Matter Program in Social Science.
Minor in History
20 credits minimum, 12 credits upper division
|HIST 101||World Civilization to 1500||4|
|or HIST 102||World Civilizations Since 1500|
|HIST 121||United States History to 1877||4|
|or HIST 122||United States History Since 1877|
|One upper division course in each of the following areas:||12|
|Women in Global History|
|History and Politics of Modern China|
|History and Politics of Latin America|
|History and Politics of the Modern Middle East|
|History and Politics of South Asia|
|History and Politics of East Asia|
|The Greco-Roman World|
|Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean World 500-1500|
|Modern Europe:1500 to Present|
|Europe and Empire|
|War and Conflict in 20th Century Europe|
|Christianity in the Roman World|
|Medieval and Reformation Christianity|
|World Christianity Since 1600|
|History and Historians|
|Society and Culture in United States History|
|Civil War: Slavery to Civil Rights|
|Cold War America|
|United States Women's History|
|Christianity in America|
HIST 101. World Civilization to 1500. (4).
Designed to give students a framework for further
study in humanities, this course is a survey of
the major civilizations and developments in world
history to 1500, emphasizing the role of world
religions, technological innovations and
environmental conditions in shaping the world's
major cultural traditions. Discussions focus on
development of critical thinking and writing
skills through examination of primary historical
HIST 101D. World Civilization Discussion. (0).
HIST 102. World Civilizations Since 1500. (4).
Studies the history of an increasingly
interdependent world from 1500 to the present,
emphasizing the origins and reasons for Western
dominance and the impact of and reaction to that
dominance in the rest of the world. Discussions
focus on development of critical thinking and
writing skills through examination of primary
HIST 102D. World Civilization Discussion. (0).
HIST 121. United States History to 1877. (4).
A broad study of American history from the first
settlements through Reconstruction. Special
attention is given to the attempt to create an
American culture and society, the creation and
development of the political system, the shifting
roles of women and minority groups, the sectional
crisis and Civil War and the postwar attempt to
deal with the place of blacks in American
HIST 122. United States History Since 1877. (4).
A broad study of American history from
Reconstruction to the present. Special attention
is given to the impact of industrialization and
urbanization, the changing roles of social
classes and minority groups, the experience of
the Depression and the persistent attempts at
reform, and America's rise to global power,
including relations with the Communist world.
HIST 282. Selected Topic. (1-4).
HIST 285. Interim Travel Course. (2).
HIST 301. The Greco-Roman World. (4).
A study of classical civilization from the
origins of ancient Greece to the fall of the
Roman Empire in the West. Emphasizes the
development of the political and legal
institutions, forms of cultural expression and
the intellectual traditions that have helped
shape Western civilization. (a/y).
HIST 303. Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean World 500-1500. (4).
Covers the history of Europe and the
Mediterranean from the collapse of the Roman
Empire in the West through the 15th century.
Emphasis is on the intellectual, cultural and
economic as well as the military encounters of
Europe with Byzantine and Muslim civilizations.
Topics also include feudalism, the role of the
Christian Church, the rise of towns and cities in
Europe, and the legacy of the Middle Ages for our
own time. (a/y).
HIST 311. Modern Europe:1500 to Present. (4).
An examination of the history of modern Europe
through the study of some of its most important
revolutionary changes. Focuses on the Scientific,
English, French, Industrial and Russian
revolutions as well as the Enlightenment and
building the European Union. (a/y).
HIST 313. Europe and Empire. (4).
This course uses the imperial histories of Spain,
England, and France to address how European
imperialism helped to structure the modern world,
anticipating today's globalization. It explores
the impact of imperialism and colonialism on
peoples and institutions both in Europe and in
the rest of the world. (a/y).
HIST 317. War and Conflict in 20th Century Europe. (4).
Why was the 20th century perhaps the bloodiest in
human history? This course explores the origins,
practice and outcomes of modern warfare in
Europe, including the influence of ideology and
philosophy as well as politics and economics.
Although detailed attention is given to World War
I and II, it treats warfare in its broadest
possible manifestation, and examines some of the
longer term socio-political, economic and moral
consequences of modern wars for Europe and the
HIST 321. Colonial America. (4).
An exploration of the conflict of cultures during
the formative years of the United States from
settlement to the Constitution in 1789. Topics
include Pre-Columbian Indian cultures, the empire
builders of the New World, the environmental
impact of the Western Europeans, the development
of colonial society and the establishment of the
new nation. (a/y).
HIST 324. Society and Culture in United States History. (4).
A thematic study of the social evolution of the
United States during its first two centuries of
development. Significant intellectual and
cultural changes are emphasized through the lens
of the five pillars of society, family,
education, economics, politics, and religion.
HIST 326. Civil War: Slavery to Civil Rights. (4).
An examination of sectionalism, Civil War and the
Reconstruction with emphasis on primary source
interpretation. Topics include racism and
slavery, the contrasting natures of Northern and
Southern societies, the politics of sectionalism,
the causes and goals of the Civil War, and racial
relationships and policies from Reconstruction to
the modern civil rights movement. (a/y).
HIST 328. Cold War America. (4).
A close examination of modern United States
history during the Cold War and after. Class
sessions give attention to the political, social,
economic and international developments of what
has been termed "the Pax Americana." Focus is
specifically on the role of presidents and
policymaking, particularly the relationship with
the Soviet Union. (a/y). (cross-listed with
HIST 331. Christianity in the Roman World. (4).
A survey of the emergence, growth, and
development of the Christian movement from the
time of the apostles to the disintegration of the
Roman Empire in the West and to the fall of
Constantinople in the East. This course will
focus on Christianity as actually experienced and
practiced by its earlier adherents in the
multinational context of empire, and will look at
textual, artistic, and material sources of
evidence to gain a sense of the Christian past.
(cross-listed with REL 331).
HIST 332. Medieval and Reformation Christianity. (4).
A survey of the development of Christianity in
the post-Roman West, focusing on the rise of
papacy, the development of distinctive Western
Christian practices and doctrines, and the
important role of the church in shaping European
society. Special attention will be given to ways
the medieval church handled difference and
dissent, and to the reform movements of the later
Middle Ages and the Protestant and Catholic
reformations they brought about. (cross-listed
with REL 332).
HIST 333. World Christianity Since 1600. (4).
A survey of the history of post-Reformation
Christianity as it spread beyond Europe and
became truly a global religion, with special
emphasis on regional variations, issues of class
and gender, and the challenges of modernity. Much
of the course will focus on Christianity as
variously experienced in the tumultuous 20th
century, and in this will underscore both
continuities and the rich diversity in the modern
and postmodern Christian communities that exist
throughout the world today. (cross-listed with
HIST 335. Christianity in America. (4).
A survey of the history of Christianity in North
America, against the backdrop of Native American
religion. Beginning with the English, French and
Spanish colonial empires, this course will focus
on the arrival of religious refugees, the rise of
uniquely American religious experiences in the
colonial era and the early Republic, religion and
American political movements from abolition to
abortion, and the complex role of religion in
American public life today. (cross-listed with
HIST 341. United States Women's History. (4).
An in-depth investigation of the interaction of
society, women and the community in American
history from 1600 to the present. Special
emphasis is placed on the ways gender, ethnicity
and class influence the role of women in the
community with respect to legal rights,
sexuality, attitudes and perceptions. (a/y).
HIST 343. Women in Global History. (4).
A thematic investigation of the "underside of
history." The class explores several topics
including women and their role in the development
of agriculture and technology in the ancient Near
East, the roles of women in the empires of Rome,
the Moslems and China, the status of women in the
Middle Ages in Europe and Japan, and the role of
women leaders like Catherine the Great and Queen
HIST 345. California History. (4).
A study of the history of California through the
Indian, Spanish, Mexican and American periods to
the present, and through an examination of its
basic political, social, economic, educational
and cultural traditions and institutions. The
class particularly focuses on the relationship of
the student to the community. (spring).
HIST 380. History and Politics of Modern China. (4).
This course explores the historical
transformations that have led to the development
of modern China. The course opens with an
examination of the Qing dynasty, the last major
dynasty in Chinese history, and then explores the
forces, internal and external, driving China
toward a major revolution in the 20th century.
HIST 382. History and Politics of Latin America. (4).
Surveys the politics and history of Latin America
from the early encounters of Native Americans
with Europeans to the present. The evolution of
Latin American institutions (political, cultural
and economic) will be traced from 1492 until the
present. (cross-listed with POLS 382) (a/y).
HIST 384. History and Politics of the Modern Middle East. (4).
An examination of the historical background and
contemporary politics of this vital area in world
affairs. The politics and economics of oil, the
Arab-Israeli conflict, the revival of Islam, and
the problems of modernization and development are
studied in detail. (cross-listed with POLS 384)
HIST 386. History and Politics of South Asia. (4).
An examination of the history, culture and
politics of South Asia through the Hindu, Muslim
and British periods to the present. The impact of
these legacies on the problems of state-building,
economic development, social change and foreign
policy in contemporary India, Pakistan,
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal is approached
from a comparative and regional perspective.
(cross-listed with POLS 386) (a/y).
HIST 388. History and Politics of East Asia. (4).
An introduction to the history, political thought
and institutions of East Asia. Topics may vary in
focus from Japan to Vietnam, or Korea.
(cross-listed with POLS 388) (a/y).
HIST 390. History and Historians. (4).
Using selections from the writings of great
historians from the Greeks to the
Post-modernists, this course introduces students
to a study of the theories of history, the
methods of historical research and the
development of historical writing. (fall).
HIST 462. Senior Seminar in Comparative/ Interdisciplinary History. (4).
An intensive study of an important historical
issue or topic based on research in primary
sources and culminating in the production of a
significant research paper. Rotating topics.
HIST 470. Teaching History - Capstone for Social Science Majors. (2).
This class is dedicated to forging better history
teachers for the secondary schools with
explorations of pedagogical techniques for
teaching American and World history. Includes
observation time in the classroom. (spring).
HIST 482. Selected Topics. (4).
HIST 485. Travel Seminar. (2).
HIST 490. Independent Study. (1-4).
HIST 492. Internship. (1-4).
(graded P/NC only).
|R. Guy Erwin, Ph.D.|
|Paul Hanson, Ph.D.|
|Christopher Kimball, Ph.D.|
|Michaela Crawford Reaves, Ph.D.|
|David Nelson, Ph.D.|